Puno was the seat of the Tiahuanaco culture (800 to 1200 a.d.), maximum expression of the Aymara people that established themselves in what is now Peru and Bolivia; the Incas took over the territory in the 15th century and the Spanish left an important colonial legacy in the region, attracted by mining activities developed in the workplace.
Today, the city of Puno (3827 m) is the capital of Peruvian folklore and headquarters of the Virgin of Candelaria festivity and rests on the shores of Titicaca Lake, the highest navigable lake in the world. The surroundings are spectacular highlighting the Chullpas of Sillustani, with its set of imposing funeral towers built by the Kolla; Juli, famous for its beautiful colonial temples. Lampa, with its colonial church built between 1675 and 1685; Llachón community that still retains centuries-old customs and cultural manifestations and Pucara, famous for its pottery Pre Inca and the 'Pucará bulls' which today craftsmen made with clay.
The Lake is also home to various islands, whose inhabitants have preserved ancestral customs and traditions. An example of this are the Uros, living in 'floating islands' manufactured artificially with reeds and transiting the area in their traditional boats also made of reeds. Taquile, Amantani Suasi are known for the friendliness of its inhabitants and its ancient weaving techniques, its Pre-Columbian constructions and wonderful landscapes. The Titicaca national reserve (36,180 has) protects vast Cattail and various species of flora and fauna.
Peru has the highest navigable lake in the world, Lake Titicaca among its wonders. Around this development the Tiahuanaco culture and many legends awarded relevance at the dawn of Andean cultures.
The traces are scattered around the perimeter of the Lake and in the Islands. The islands of the Uros are themselves cultural relic of ancient societies of the Peru.
The urban legend assumed that the islands of the Uros floated magically by the gods blessing without however known islands float, are built on blocks of roots of the totoras, that joining decomposition produces gas, that get caught in the tangle of roots together to the waterline. From these roots blocks placed successive litters of dry reeds, shade which you build your rooms with the same material. Men in this community with over time, intertwining roots, forming a natural layer called Khili. Best conservation, Uros, its inhabitants have a constant work in lay more plants of reeds of one to two months in this way, avoiding the disintegration of the Islands. The thickness of the Islands is one to two meters and its base can be destroyed by heavy storms in times of rain. They have recently begun to use Nick to roofs. In some cases you covers the Nick with mats of reeds, to preserve the characteristic of the huts, look to improve the thermal insulation and tourist purposes.
The floating islands and built are anchored to fund by sticks through the floor of the island and are diving in the background. Most of the islands lie within the area of the Titicaca Lake national reserve.
Men are skilled constructors and drivers of totora rafts and women Weaver experts. In the early 21st century directed its activities to tourism. They have become a point in the route of the tourists who pass through Puno. The Islanders are mobilized only in rafts. Maintaining the tradition of fishing, particularly of the carachi and smelt, when fishing is abundant preserved fish drying in the Sun. They also engaged in the hunting of wild birds.
Taquile or which (in quechua) is an island situated on the shores of Lake Titicaca in Peru at 45 km from the city of Puno. It has a population of approximately 1,700 inhabitants. The main village is 3,950 m and its highest point of the island reached 4,050 m above sea level. The inhabitants of this island are known as taquileños and are Quechua.
Which was part of the Inca Empire which is why until today some archaeological remains can be seen. This island was one of the latest Peruvian capitulated to the Spaniards in the 16th century. It was subsequently taken on behalf of the Emperor Charles V and finally went to the Court of Pedro Gonzales of Taquila, whose surname today follows his name. The Spanish banned the traditional Inca clothing, Islanders had to adopt the peasant dress up today used.
The island has a maximum length of 5.5 km and a top width of 1.5 km, being the second largest island of the Lake (according km²) in the Peruvian part (after Amantani). The western slope is almost vertical, while the Eastern offers a less steep slope. The people of Taquile located 140 m above the Lake, 3 950 meters above sea level. Thanks the effect thermoregulatory effect of the Lake on the island there is a microclimate favourable to agriculture.
San Juan Letran Museum
Exhibition of paintings by artists from the Cusco School and Italian artists. Sculptures. On display are garments of the Virgen de la Candelaria.
Dreyer Municipal Museum
Collection of pottery, fabrics and stone coming from excavations in the area.
Lytic Pukara Museum
You can see artifacts recovered from the site, especially lytic art.
Archaelogical Museum of the Universidad Nacional del Altiplano
Exhibition of bales and ceramics found in the community of Mill Chilacachi.
Sillustani Archeological Site Museum
Sample pieces were found at the archaeological site. Ceramic, stone, bales, textiles, basketry.
Museum of St. Peter's Church
Exhibition of religious paintings and sculptures.
Yaraví Ship Museum
Built in England in 1862 the vessel was brought to the Peru everywhere across the Andes on mule back up to the highest navigable lake of Titicaca (3810 m.a.s.l.) worldwide where he was re assembled and released on December 25, 1870. Displays documents, photographs and machinery of the 18th century.
In Puno are as typical dishes of the region:
In general the climate of Puno varies between cold and dry, to locate on the Lake the climate is temperate by the influence of the Lake.
The rainfall are annual and generally last between the months of December through April, although they vary in annual cycles, causing flooding and drought, precipitation are usually less than 700 mm.
The temperature is very variable, with marked differences between the months of June and November and oscillations between an average temperature of 22 ° C and a minimum of 1.4 ° C.
|February 2||Fiesta Patronal Virgen de la Candelaria
Province of Puno, Puno District.
The largest feast of all the Peru in homage to the Virgin of Candelaria, patron saint of Puno is held each year. It is a manifestation of religious syncretism that links the Catholic faith and the Andean religion. The celebration to the Virgin Mary joins the celebration to the pachamama or "mother earth"
The feast unfolds every day during the first two weeks of February. At this party over 40,000 dancers and 9,000 musicians from throughout the Department, brighten up and adorn the streets of Puno.
This show without pair, (though small in proportion to their similar Brazil, Bolivia or Barranquilla) could be considered as a unique sample of the cultural richness of the South American Andes.
The magnitude and significance of the feast, has contributed to the National Institute of Culture by R.D. No. 655/03 on September 02, 2003, declared the Candelaria Virgin Festival of Puno as of the National Cultural heritage, as an expression of the manifestations of the living culture that characterizes the communities settled in the South of Peru mountains and contributing to regional and national identity.
|may 3-4||Feast of Alacitas and las Cruces
Provinces of San Román and Puno; districts in Juliaca, Puno and Cabanillas. It is a special occasion where people offer crafts miniature in various exhibitions in the main streets of each city, symbolizing those things that one would like to have, as house, car, money, etc. Craftsmen of Bolivia also participate in this celebration. Anniversary of the founding of the city of Puno / November 1 to 7
|Province of Puno, Puno District
Held with civic demonstrations and displays of dance through the streets of the city in charge of the children. November 5 is the creation of the Inca Empire, legend according to which the legendary pair of Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo left Lake in search of land where found the Empire.
"José Marí Arguedas scoreboard to Puno as"the other Capital of Peru"and was designated by Decree Law No. 24325 as"Capital of the Peruvian folklore"7 November 1985"
Puno is named according to the National Institute of Culture, it has 250 dances but they are more than 350. Dances, songs, dresses and masks representing characters that emerged from centuries-old legends that make Puno folklore one of the richest of the continent.
|Puno Main Dances are
The Pandilla Puneña, where we portrayed the old Puneño (Quechua - Aymara), as I said...We are stalwart Quechua and Aymara Indians... ", but this was only a slogan as Puno culture was exquisite when dealing with a Puno Aristocracy, where born "CHOLO PUNEÑO."
This dance shows us as the Puneño Gallants with Cholita Puneña, falling in love with and playing a sort of youth dance behind parents prohibiting this type of gallantry in those dates, now all Puneños of all ages practice, there are schools where builds over a style with its own dance melody.
|Native or Indigenous Dances
Sicuris, Chacareros, Llameritos, Yapuchiris, Tambillo Carnival, Kashua Capachica, Jakelos, the Chujchus, Cahuiris, Sicumorenos, Unu boxes, Carnival Capullani, Satiris, Tinti Wacas, Pinquilladas, Ayarachis, shock Lluscajake, Anapia Island Lakitas, Sicuris, Vilque Carnival, sauna Island Kawas Chullo, Carnival mill Kapí, Wapululos, Wifalas, Vicuñitas, Pope Tarpuy, Tita Titas, Llamayuris, Mallku Condoriri, Kajchas, Patambuco Carnival, Chakalladas, Tucumano, agricultural dances as Chusqui-Chuspi,erotic ceremonial as the Casarasiri.
|Dances with light suits
Diablada Puneña is an integral part of the theatrical repertoire used Andino-altiplanico for the Spanish colonization and the catequización accompanying, to teach the native to the Americas the precepts of the Christian faith and the history of Empire, in view of the colonists.
Among other dances are: Morenada, King Moreno, King Caporal, Llamerada, Kullawada, Kallahuaya, consists consists, Tuntuna, etc.